Mallikarjuna Swamy

History

 About Temple - Located in a picturesque environment of Nallamalai Hills, ‘Srisailam’ the abode of Siva and Sakthi is on the right side of the river Krishna in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. It is at an altitude of meters above the sea level, at Latitude of 16 12” North and Longitude of 78 5” East.The presiding Deities of this Kshetram God Mallikarjuna Swamy is one of the twelve Jyothirlingas and Goddess Bhramaramba Devi is one of the eighteen Mahasakthis and both are believed to be self-manifested. The unique feature of this Kshetram is the co-existing of Jyothirlingam and Mahasakthi in one Temple complex, which is the rare and only of its kind.At this place the river Krishna flows through a deep narrow valley, approximately 100 meters wide and nearly at a depth of meters from the hill top. The river flows at a distance of 70 Km to the up of Srisailam and continues to flow in the same valley for a further distance of 80 Km to the down till it reaches Nagarjunasagar. The narrow flow of the river at such deep valley is fine looking and more pleasant near Srisailam where it is called as Pathalaganaga. Actually the river takes two repeated bends at Pathalaganga with in a short distance and makes a large stretch of high Plateau in each bend. The right part of it we have Srisailam and whereas on the left there is ruined Chandraguptanagara which is mentioned in the Skandapurana and also some of the celebrated Literary works of 12th to 16th centuries.In the traditional Hindu mythology, this Kshetram is identified as the Kailasa on the earth and named as ILA - KAILASAM. Besides its mythical antiquity, Srisailam is also having a hoary historical antiquity. Starting from the Satavahanas who were the earliest rulers of Andhradesa, the region around Srisailam appears as a prominent religious centre and it continues to be so into the present times. The inscriptional evidences available at Srisailam are of the 12th century A.D and afterwards, which is very intriguing. However, the inscriptions belonging to various early historical places found in various parts of the Deccan and Andhra Pradesh, testify to its historical antiquity starting from first century A.D. In this small book the temple complex of Srisailam is analysed from the view point of chronology, art and architecture, sculpture and iconography. HISTORY Srisailam played a dominant role in our religious, cultural and social history from ancient times.According to pre-historic studies the habitational history of Srisailam goes back to about 30,000-40,000 years. Stone tools of that period are abundantly found at various places of Srisailam. The epigraphical evidences reveal that the history of Srisailam begins with the Satavahanas who were the first empire builder in South India and also the earliest rulers of Andhradesa.The earliest known historical mention of the Hill-Srisailam can be traced in Pulumavi’s Nasik inscription of 2nd Century A.D. Malla Satakarani, an early member of he Satavahanas got his name after ‘Mallanna’ the deity on this sacred hill. The Ikshavakus (AD-300) ruled from their capital Vijayapuri, about 50 Km from Srisailam and so this Kshetram must got their patronage.The Vishnukundis (AD-612) were the devotees of God Sriparvatha Swamy who was none other than Mallikarjuna Swamy, the presiding deity of Srisaila Kshetram. Most of their inscriptions contain the prasasti “Bhagavat Sriparvatha Swamy Padanudhyatanam”.The Telagunda inscription of Kadamba Santi Varma proves that the Srisailam region was originally included in the Pallava Kingdom (AD-575) and subsequently formed the first independent principality of Kadambas (AD-450).A part of the inscriptional evidences, the Architectural features of the temple complex of Srisailam attest the patronage of Chalukyas (AD-848). The Kakatiyas (AD-1323) contributed much for the growth of the temple. Several steps in regulating the temple management were taken during their period. In the reign of Kakatiya Prathaparudra datable to 1313 AD, the gift of 70 villages to Srisailam temple made from time to time be several emperors, kings etc., was executed properly for the maintenance of the temple. Mailamadevi, sister of Ganapathideva is said to have constructed the vimana gopuram of Mallikarjuna Garbhalayam.The period of Reddi Kings (AD 1325-1448) is the Golden Age of Srisailam that almost all rulers of this dynasty did celebrated service for the temple. Prolaya Vema Reddy, the Reddi King constructedstepped path way to Srisailam and also Pathalaganga. Anavemareddi constructed Veerasiro Mandapam in which the Veerasaiva devotees cut off their hands, tongues, limbs with devotion and this practice is known as Veeracharam.The Velama Chiefs constructed flight of steps at Jatararevu, en-route from Umamaheswaram to Srisailam.The major contributions and renovations at Srisailam were taken up by Vijayanagara Rules (AD 1336-1678). The Second Harihararaya of Vijayanagara empire constructed the Mukhamandapam of Mallikarjuna Temple and also raised a Gopuram on the Southern side of the temple complex. Srikrishnadevaraya visited the shrine in 1516 AD on his return journey after a war with Gajapathis and constructed Salumandaps on both sides of the car street. It also taken the credit of the construction of Rajagopuram of the temple by him. The fall of the Viajyanagara rule witnessed Srisailam and this Kshetram lost its glory.In the year4 AD Chatrapathi Sivaji the great Maratha King visited Srisailam, restored the festivals of the temple under protection of his officers and taken up some renovations.According to tradition the north gopuram of the temple was caused by him, to be constructed.Later the Moghal Emperors conqured this region and this place was given as Jagir to Nawabs of Kurnool.After the fall of Moghal Emperors this place came under the control of Nizam of Hyderabad. When the Nizam cede the Kurnool District to the British East India Company in0 AD Major Manro took procession of the District and entrusted the management to the authorities of the District Court.In9 a committee was constituted by the British Government for the management of the temple.In9 the temple came under the control of Endowments Department and attained its past glory after it was opened by the road during the year6 SPECIALTY, EVENTS and FACILITIES The temple have their own website through which one can have all the important information and updates.There are derth of facilities like Free Darshanam:- The Devasthanam is providing Free Darshanam to the visiting pilgrims and about 15 to 20 thousand on average days and 30 to 50 thousand piligrims on peak days i.e. Saturdays, Sundays and Mondays visits the temple. Seeghra And Athi Seeghra Darshanam:- Pilgrims who wants to have the Darshanam with in short time can have Seeghra / Athi Seeghra Darshanam on payment of Rusumu as follows.1. Seeghra Darshanam - Rs . 50 /- (on average days)Rs. 100/- (on peak days like Sundays and Mondays)2. Athi Seeghra Darshanam – Rs. 100/- (on average Days)Rs./-(on peak days like Sundays and Mondays) Distribution Of Free Prasadam:- Pulihora and Daddhojanam prasadams are distributing on free of cost to the visiting devotees from opening of the temple to the closure time throughout the day.Sale Of Prasadams:- Paid prasadams of Laddu weighing of 80 Gms for Rs.10/-. Kalyanam Laddu weighing of Gms for Rs. 50/- and other Prasadams like Pulihora weighing 150 Gms for Rs.5/- respectively are available.Anna Prasada Vitharana( Bhojana Prasadam)The Devasthanam is providing Bhojana Prasadam (Free Meals) to the Devotees from 11.30 am in Annapurna Mandiram which is located very near to exit gate of Sri Ammvari Temple.Information & Donation Counter:-The Devasthanam has arranged Information and Donation counter at the opposite side of Que Complex to give information to the piligrims and also to receive donations and Rusumu for Saswatha Pooja Schemes.Cloak Rooms:-The Devasthanam has arranged clock rooms at the opposite side of Que Complex and piligrims can use them on payment of nominal charges.Sale Of Coconuts, Accomodation:-Devastanam administration has taken all measures for the piligram's comfortable stay on the Srisailam. Visitors will be offered diffrent kinds of accomodation ranging from Normal rooms to A.C Suits in various choultries and guest houses on the hill.For the convenience of the casual visitors devastanam provided lockers to keep their luggage.Advance reservation facility is available for all accomodations 20% only in Online Booking except V.V.I.P Cottages. Remaining Accommodation and cottages will give at Central Reception Office which is located at Ganga Sadan together with above there are many more facilities. Important festivals of this shrine are as follows :- MAHASIVARATRI BRAHMOTHSAVAMS:-The Mahasivarathri Utsavams are being celebrated as Brahmothsavams in the month of Magham (the 11th month of Indian Lunar Calendar) which falls usually in the month of February/March.This is a festival of eleven days with Navahaknika Deeksha. The Mahasivarathri day (29th day of Magham) is the most important day of the festival. The important events of the celebrations are Ankurarpana, Dhwajarohana, Vahana Sevas to God and Goddess, Lingodhbhavakala Maharudrabhishekam to God, Pagalankarana, Kalyanothsavam, Radhothsavam and Dhwajavarohana.The Brahmothsavams begins with Ankurarpana a religious ritual on the occasion of festival followed by the Dhwajarohana in which Dhwaja Patam (a white flag) marked with Nandi symbol is hoisted on the Dhwajasthambha of the temple. It is said that the Dhwajarohana is the significant event of the starting of Brahmothsavams for inviting all Gods and goddesses (Devathalu).The Vahana Sevas are another important event of the celebrations in which the procession of the God and Goddess will took place on various vahanas (devine vehicles) like Seshavahanam, Mayuravahanam, Nandivahanam and Aswavahanam.On the Mahasivarathri day at midnight during Lingodbhavakalam (the scared time in which God Siva manifests in the form of huge flaming Linga) Abhishekam will be performed to God Mallikarjuna Swamy in a religious manner.The Pagalankarana is a unique custom finds only in Srisailam temple and is the most significant event of the festival. In this a person belongs to weavers community (Devanga) tie a lengthy new white cloth called as Paga (Turban) starting from the Sikhara of the Swayvari Vimana Gopuram passing around the Nandi idols placed on the Mukhamandapam of the temple. The interesting feature of this event is that the Devanga will decorate the Paga with naked body in total darkness and all the lights at that time are put off in the temple.The cloth used in the Pagalankarana is hand woven by weavers throughout the year. Nearly 30 Pagas are offered by various weavers individually as a vow and all the Pagas will be decorated simultaneously by a single weaver.After Pagalankarana Kalyanothsavam of God Mallikarjuna Swamy and Goddess Bhramaramba Devi will be performed. The Radhothsavam (Car festival) will be commenced in an effective manner on the next day of Mahasivaratri at the evening hours. More than One Lakh of pilgrim public will participate in the Car festival.The celebration ends with the Dhwajavarohana in which the Dhwaja Patakam (flag) is removed from the Dhwajasthambham. UGADI CELEBRATIONS: The Ugadi celebrations performed for a period of five days. The festival begins three days before the Ugadi day i.e., Telugu New Years day (Chaitra Suddha Padyami) which generally falls in March / April. Nearly five Lakhs of pilgrims particularly from Karnataka and Maharastra States are visiting the temple during these utsavams.The important events of the celebrations Vahana Sevas to God and Goddess, Alankaras to Goddess, Veerachara Vinyasalu and Car festival.The celebration begins with several rituals such as Punyahavachanam, Akhanda Sthapana, Mantaparadhana and Ankurarpana etc.,On every day of the celebrations various special poojas like Pratyeka Abhishekam to God, Navavaranarchana to Goddess, Rudrahomam and Chandihomam are performed.An interesting feature is of that most of the people of Karnataka and some parts of Maharastra visited the temple on the occasion of these utsavams by traveling the whole distance on foot and presents their yearly offerings i.e., tamarind, kumkum, saree, mangala sutram, flowers etc., to Goddess Bhramaramba Devi. They also carry Nandikavallu ( called as Kambi in Kannada) on their shoulders which consist of Nandi images and offered pooja to it every day during their travel to Srisailam.On the night before Ugadi day a particular group of Kannada devotees called as Ganacharis express their devotion by performing the Agnigunda Pravesam i.e., walking on the blowing embers. They are also piercing with sharp pointed weapons to their forehead, tongue, cheek, chin, hands etc. This practice is named as Veerachara Vinyasalu.The Alankaras offered to Goddess are Mahalakshmi, Mahadurga, Mahasaraswathi, Rajarajeswari and Nijalankarana of Bhramaramba.The Vahana Sevas performed to God and Goddess are Bhringivahanam, Nandivahanam, Kailasavahanam and Ravana Vahanam.On evening hours of every day the procession of Vahana Sevas and Alankaras will took place.The Car festival performed at the evening hours of Ugadi day in a grand manner. About 3 Lakhs pilgrims will visit the temple during the above period.DASARA CELEBRATIONS ;-Devi Sarannavaratrulu is a festival of nine days beginning from the first day of Asweejam month (the 7th month of Indian Lunar Calendar) which generally falls in September or October. The important events of this utsavam are performing of Chandiyagam, Rudrayagam, Navadurga alankaras to Goddess and Vahana Sevas to God and Goddess besides several special poojas. Goddess Bhramaramba Devi is mainly worshiped in these utsavams. The celebration begins with the Ganapathi pooja followed by the Kalasa Sthapana and ends with Poornahuthi.On every day of celebrations various religious rituals like Srichakrarchana, Navavarana pooja, Anustanams, Devi Sapthasathi Parayanas, etc., besides Yagams are performed. Apart these Kumari Pooja, Suhasini Pooja are also conducted at evening hours. In the Kumari Pooja girls within the age group of between 2 to 8 years and in Suhasini Pooja Soubhagyavati (a women whose husband is living) are worshiped as deities. The Dampathi (Couple) Pooja is also took part on Mahanavami day i.e., on the 9th day in which pooja is offered to five couples. This day closes with the offering of sacrificial rice, breaking of pumpkins, coconuts etc., to the Goddess as Satvikabali.After completion of nine days, on the day of Dasara festival Poornahuthi of Chandiyagam and Rudrayagam are performed in the day time. On that evening Sami Pooja (worship to Prosopia tree) is performed. It is said that by seeing the Sami pooja one can get victory in his activities. The Navadurga Alankaras offered to utsava Vigraham of Goddess Bhramaramba in these utsavams are Saila Putri (Parvathi), Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmandadurga, Skandamatha, Katyayini, Kalaratri, Mahagouri and Siddhidayini. In the evening hours of every day special poojas are performed to these Alankaramurthies.Apart the above various Vahana Sevas viz., Bhringivahanam, Mayuravahanam, Ravana Vahanam, Kailasa Vahanam, Hamsavahanam, Seshavahanam, Nandivahanam, Gaja Vahanam and Aswavahanam are offered to God and Goddess.The procession of both the Alankaram, and Vahanam are arranged on a grand manner every day.KUMBHOTHSAVAMSKumbhothsavam is the most significant festival of the temple of Srisailam in which various offerings are made to Goddess Bhramaramba Devi. This festival celebrates on the first Tuesday or Friday (which ever first comes) after full moon day of Chaitram, the beginning month of Indian Calendar.It is said that on this day the Goddess is ferocious and so that various poojas like Navavarana, Trisathi, Khadgamala etc., are performed in Ekantham i.e., the doors of Bhramaramba temple remain closed and Archakas themselves performed poojas and there will not be usual darshanam at that time. In the evening a man who dressed saree like a woman comes to the temple to offer Mangala Harathi to the Goddess named as Kumbhaharathi and at time the doors of the temples will open. After performing of Kumbha Harathi the Goddess is covered with large quantity of Turmeric and Kumkuma and then Satvikabali i.e., Kumbham (large quantity of cooked rice), breaking of Pumpkins, Coconuts on a large number and more than 50 thousands of lemons etc., are offered to Goddess.On this day the local tribal people called as Chenchus themselves engage in tribe dances before the Goddess and their prominence is much more in the celebrations.According to tradition it is known that in ancient days there is Vamachara Sampradayam in which Human and Animal sacrifices are practiced in the temple. Later the Advaitha Philosopher Adi Sankara who is believed to have lived in 5th & 6th century A.D., put an end for the Vamachara Cult and introduced Dakshinachara cult in which the Satvikabali (offering of Pumpkins, Coconuts etc) was taken place.At the afternoon of Kumbhothsavam day Annabhishekam is performed to God Mallikarjuna Swamy and after this the deity is covered with curd rice and temple doors remain closed till the early hours of next day.SANKRANTHI UTHSAVAMS:-These Utsavams are performed on the occasion of Makara Sankramanam and are celebrated for a period of seven days with Panchahnika Deeksha in the month of Pushyam (the 10th month of Indian Calendar) which falls in the month of January.These utsavams begins with the Dhwajarohana and ends with the Dhwajavarohana. In this celebrations various special rituals like Rudrahomam, Chandihhomam,Pushpotsavam, Brahmothsava Kalyanam,Sayanotsavam etc., are performed as per custom and usage besides various Vahana Sevas ARUDROTHSAVAM:-Arudra is the birth Star of God Siva. In Dhanurmasam on the day of Arudra Nakshatram Special Poojas like Lingodhbhavakala Rudrabhishekam, Annabhishekam and Vahana Seve are offered to God Mallikarjuna Swamy..KARTHEEKA MASOTHSAVAMS:-Karthikam, the 8th month of Indian Calendar is said to be the most auspicious month. On the important days of this month like Mondays, full moon day etc., Deepothsavam in which a large number of lamps are lighted in the temple premises. On the full moon day of the month Jwalathoranam (bonfire) performed in the temple. It is said that by mere seeing the said Jvalathoranam one can get clear of from sins.Large number of pilgrims will visit the temple during Kartheeka Masam especially 30 to 40 thousands pilgrims will visit the temple during Sunday and Mondays of said .SRAVANANAMOSOTHSVAMS:-These Utsavams are performed in Sravanam (August & September) the 5th month of Indian Calendar. In this month several special poojas are offered to God and Goddess. The special feature of this utsavam is of that Akhanda Sivanama Sankeerthana (Bhajana) performed round the clock continuously throughout the month. MONTHLY FESTIVALS :-Besides the above the fallowing Monthly and fortnight festivals are also being performed. Sl.No Name of the Utsavam Poojas Performed 1 Masasivaratri Mahanyasapurvaka Rudrabhishekam & Bilwarchana to Sri Swamy Varu (In the evening time) 2 Arudra Nakshtram Mahanyasapurvaka Rudrabhishekam & Annabhishekam to Sri Swamy varu 3 Pournami (Full Moon Day) Laksha Kumkumarchana to Sri Ammavaru 4 Moola Nakshatram Navavarana Puja to Sri Ammavaru 5 Sravana Nakshatram Navavarana Puja to Sri Ammavaru 6 Suddha Chavithi Puja Vrathakalpa Purvaka Shodashopachara Puja to Sri Ratnagarbha Ganapathi 7 Bahula Chavithi Puja Vrathakalpa Purvaka Shodashopachara Puja to Sri Ratnagarbha Ganapathi. 8 Kruthika Nakshatram Vrathakalpa Purvaka Shodashopachara Puja to Sri Kumara Swamy Timings:- Every day has a different timing which are as follows. SUNDAY 3.30 AM Mangalavayidyams,4.00 AM Suprabhatam,5.00 AM ,5.30 AM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple,5.30 AM to 1.00 PM Darshanams,5.30 AM to 3.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 1.00 PM to 3.30 PM Alankara Darshanam, 3.30 PM to 4.30 PM Temple Closer, 4.30 PM to 5.20 PM Mangalavayidyams, Susandhyam 5.20 PM 6.00 PM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple , Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.00 PM to 10.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 PM to 08.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 7.00 PM to 9.00 PM Kalyanotsavam 9.40 PM to 10.00 PEkanta Seva 10.00 PM Temple Closer MONDAY 3.30 AM Mangalavayidyams 4.00 AM Suprabhatam 5.00 AM 5.30 AM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 5.30 AM to 1.00 PM Darshanams 5.30 AM to 3.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 1.00 PM to 3.30 PM Alankara Darshanam 3.30 PM to 4.30 PM Temple Closer 4.30 PM to 5.20 PM Mangalavayidyams, Susandhyam 5.20 PM 6.00 PM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.00 PM to 10.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 PM to 08.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 7.00 PM to 9.00 PM Kalyanotsavam 9.40 PM to 10.00 PM Ekanta Seva 10.00 PM Temple Closer TUESDAY 4.30 AM Mangalavayidyams 5.00 AM Suprabhatam 6.00 AM 6.30 AM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.30 AM to 1.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 AM to 3.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 1.00 PM to 3.30 PM Alankara Darshanam 3.30 PM to 4.30 PM Temple Closer 4.30 PM to 5.20 PM Mangalavayidyams, Susandhyam 5.20 PM 6.00 PM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.00 PM to 10.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 PM to 08.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 7.00 PM to 9.00 PM Kalyanotsavam 9.40 PM to 10.00 PM Ekanta Seva 10.00 PM Temple Closer Wednesday 4.30 AM Mangalavayidyams 5.00 AM Suprabhatam 6.00 AM 6.30 AM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.30 AM to 1.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 AM to 3.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 1.00 PM to 3.30 PM Alankara Darshanam 3.30 PM to 4.30 PM Temple Closer 4.30 PM to 5.20 PM Mangalavayidyams, Susandhyam 5.20 PM 6.00 PM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.00 PM to 10.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 PM to 08.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 7.00 PM to 9.00 PM Kalyanotsavam 9.40 PM to 10.00 PM Ekanta Seva 10.00 PM Temple Closer THURSDAY 4.30 AM Mangalavayidyams 5.00 AM Suprabhatam 6.00 AM 6.30 AM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.30 AM to 1.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 AM to 3.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 1.00 PM to 3.30 PM Alankara Darshanam 3.30 PM to 4.30 PM Temple Closer 4.30 PM to 5.20 PM Mangalavayidyams, Susandhyam 5.20 PM 6.00 PM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.00 PM to 10.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 PM to 08.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 7.00 PM to 9.00 PM Kalyanotsavam 9.40 PM to 10.00 PM Ekanta Seva 10.00 PM Temple Closer FRIDAY 4.30 AM Mangalavayidyams 5.00 AM Suprabhatam 6.00 AM 6.30 AM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.30 AM to 1.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 AM to 3.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 1.00 PM to 3.30 PM Alankara Darshanam 3.30 PM to 4.30 PM Temple Closer 4.30 PM to 5.20 PM Mangalavayidyams, Susandhyam 5.20 PM 6.00 PM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.00 PM to 10.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 PM to 08.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 7.00 PM to 9.00 PM Kalyanotsavam 9.40 PM to 10.00 PM Ekanta Seva 10.00 PM Temple Closer SATURDAY 4.30 AM Mangalavayidyams 5.00 AM Suprabhatam 6.00 AM 6.30 AM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.30 AM to 1.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 AM to 3.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 1.00 PM to 3.30 PM Alankara Darshanam 3.30 PM to 4.30 PM Temple Closer 4.30 PM to 5.20 PM Mangalavayidyams, Susandhyam 5.20 PM 6.00 PM Harati in Sri Swamy vari Temple Harati in Sri Amma vari Temple 6.00 PM to 10.00 PM Darshanams 6.30 PM to 08.30 PM Abishekams & Kunkumarchana 7.00 PM to 9.00 PM Kalyanotsavam 9.40 PM to 10.00 PM Ekanta Seva 10.00 PM Temple Closer

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Srisaila Devasthanam, Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh 518101
085242 88883

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